An Overview of Female Infertility
There isn’t just one overall kind of female infertility – there are many common causes. Thankfully, because of great strides in medical technology and knowledge, the majority of them can be fixed. Once the problem is diagnosed and corrected, many women can go on to experience a viable pregnancy. It’s helpful to know a few of the most common infertility causes.
One of the most common causes of infertility in women is fibroids. Fibroids are benign tumors usually found inside the uterus, but sometimes they can grow in other places. They can grow outside the uterus, underneath the uterine wall or at the cervix. Depending on their size and location, fibroids can delay or prevent pregnancy.
If the fibroids are inside the uterus and become large enough, they can cause extremely heavy monthly periods. One woman began to hemorrhage as a result of uterine fibroids and had to have an emergency hysterectomy to stop the bleeding.
Fibroids cause anemia and anemia can cause infertility as well. If you have heavy monthly cycles, get checked for fibroids and have the doctor check your iron count as well.
Fibroids can grow so large that they can cause the uterus to extend and appear anywhere from the size of a six week to a few months pregnancy. The treatment for fibroids range from pharmaceutical to surgical depending on the severity of problem.
Another cause of infertility is endometriosis. Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue grows in areas where it shouldn’t rather than in the uterus lining. If endometriosis is severe enough, it can cause scarring. Endometriosis can be treated with hormone therapy or surgery if needed to remove the scarring.
Having diabetes can cause infertility. Some studies suggest that the cause of infertility in overweight diabetic women is a direct result of being overweight while others suggest it is due to the overall health risks associated with too much weight gain. However, poor control over blood sugar levels does raise the risk of miscarriage.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (also known as PCOS) can also cause infertility. Two of the widely known symptoms of PCOS are noticeable facial or body hair and monthly periods that are not regular.
This condition can be diagnosed by having an ultrasound done or by having bloodwork drawn and the blood tested for too much androgen. Androgen is the hormone that makes a man look like a man.
For example, growth of coarse facial hair and hair growth on the back are part of the androgen hormone associated with men. This condition can also lead to insulin resistance, weight gain and type II diabetes, which is why it’s important to catch this early and get treatment.
Female infertility can also be caused by too much caffeine, by medication or by thyroid malfunction. Get a check up to see if the infertility could be caused by one of these causes.