Joint pain during pregnancy is a common issue that many women face but are unaware of. This type of pain can be caused by a number of things, such as the extra weight the fetus puts on the mother’s body or the anatomical changes that happen in order to prepare the body for childbirth. However, there are ways to help alleviate this pain, and it is important for pregnant women to be aware of the risks and how to manage them. No matter what causes your joint pain during pregnancy, it is important to be careful what you use to treat it, since some supplements and medications could affect your future child. However, there are some therapies that can help reduce the pain and swelling without posing any risks. For example, you could try doing some light exercises or stretches, using a heating pad on a low setting, or taking a warm bath.
Pelvic Girdle Pain
As a pregnancy progresses, the joints in the pelvis loosen. This makes it easier for the baby to be born when the time comes, but it can also cause pain. Discomfort from pelvic girdle joints often gets worse when the weight of the pregnancy changes posture and causes the center of gravity to shift.
Many patients find that their discomfort comes on gradually, but for some, it happens suddenly after a fall or other exercise. Managing this pain with lifestyle changes, mobility aids and medications is recommended by doctors.
Pain in the Feet and Ankles
Lower leg, ankle and foot pains are quite common during pregnancy and can be caused by fluid retention in the joints, or edema. Edema happens when the uterus grows and presses against large blood vessels, which then causes circulatory problems. To reduce fluid buildup, you can try elevating your feet when sitting or lying down. You can also wear supportive stockings and avoid standing or crossing your legs for too long.
This is extremely common during pregnancy, due to the extra weight and changes in balance that come along with carrying a baby. If your back pain becomes severe, be sure to tell your doctor right away. For less serious cases, avoid high heels and chairs without back support, maintain good posture, and consider changing your sleep position. You can also try massaging the area, exercising, and using heat to reduce the pain before taking medication.
Joint Pain in the Hands and Wrists
The changes that occur during pregnancy may cause burning sensations and inflammation in the wrists and hands due to swelling and hormonal changes. Carpal tunnels are especially likely to be affected in the second and third trimesters.
When it comes to dealing with normal joint inflammation, there are a few things you can do. Some people opt for natural supplements such as green-lipped mussel powder, but it’s always best to consult your doctor before taking anything new while pregnant. Additionally, heat and cold compresses, massage, exercise and support splints are all viable options when it comes to managing the problem.