Almost 500 women around the world try to conceive every minute, but not all of them are successful. While some women are lucky, others are simply ignorant when it comes to the causes of infertility. Many women are not totally aware of the possible causes of infertility – is it the wrong position, a hormonal imbalance or could it be a medical condition? Where there is a difference in having sex and making babies, not every case of infertility could be related with just sex.
There are many medical conditions that can make it difficult or even impossible to conceive. Here is a look at some of the most common ones.
Endometriosis is a disease that affects the reproductive organs. It is caused by cells that grow outside the uterus. This can lead to problems with ovulation. If you experience regular menstrual cramps, heavy flow, and have problems conceiving, you might have Endometriosis. However, these symptoms alone are not entirely conclusive.
There’s a lot of advice out there on how to get pregnant, but very few resources deal with medical conditions as a common cause of infertility. Fibroid, or tumors that form along the uterine wall, can prevent the embryo from being implanted on the uterine wall and thus lead to infertility. However, 97% of women with Fibroid can still conceive.
Unfortunately, some women are born with uteri that don’t develop properly. A biconcave uterus, for example, is shaped more like a heart than the natural pear shape. This gives the embryo less room to grow.
Women who have undergone cancer treatment often find that their fertility has been postponed. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and bone marrow transplantation can all trigger infertility. However, there is often a time frame after treatment during which women are considered biologically fit to conceive.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of infertility, marked by an overproduction of male hormones by the ovaries. PCOS can also lead to other health problems like diabetes and endometrial cancer.
Although reproducing is largely dependent on the women, men’s lifestyles could also affect a woman’s chance of getting pregnant. An unhealthy lifestyle characterized by heavy drinking, smoking and weight issues lowers the sperm count considerably. Even common diseases like diabetes have a profound influence on the number of motile sperms.
A lot of men experience premature ejaculation or have a low sperm count. This could be due to infections, genetic defects, or undescended testicles. However, male infertility can often be treated with hormonal injections or surgery. This allows for a normal pregnancy in the female partner.