Pregnancy occurs when male’s sperm fuses with an egg produced by female form a single microscopic cell called ‘zygote’. The zygote divides and re-divides for nine months to form around 2 trillion of different types, all packaged as a new individual. Your Baby.
During these nine months, your body undergoes various changes to provide necessary nutrition for the growth and development of your baby. Let us have a look at the major changes occurring in your body during pregnancy.
1. Changes during the First Trimester (The First 3 Months of Pregnancy)
During this period your baby’s brain, heart and lungs start forming and grows to the size of 4 inches. Your body begins to prepare itself for baby’s arrival and undergoes the following changes.
Menstrual flow: It is not as if you will not get your first period at all, you will get a spotting or very little menstrual flow. This bleeding is caused by implantation of developing egg into your uterus and is the first marker of pregnancy.
Changes in breasts: Your breasts become sensitive, tender, and heavier and begin to enlarge. Nipples become darker.
Morning sickness: You feel nauseated and vomit from 12th to 14th week.
Fatigue: You are tired most of the time.
Increase in urination: Urge to pee increases.
Uterus: The lining of your uterus starts thickening and the blood vessels start enlarging to provide nourishment to your developing baby.
Cervix: Cervix (opening of the uterus) softens; this is an important marker of pregnancy.
Weight gain: You might put on around 2 pounds during first trimester.
2. Changes during the Second Trimester (The Second 3 Months of Pregnancy)
During second trimester, your baby grows to a length of about a foot and its movements called ‘quickening’, starts. Your uterus becomes big enough and starts displacing the other abdominal organs. Most women find second trimester easiest, there being no morning sickness of the first trimester and no augmented demands of the third trimester.
You can undergo the some or all of following changes during second trimester:
Breasts: There is an increasing in the size of milk producing glands in your breasts, which enlarge your breasts.
Uterus: Enlarges to accommodate the baby.
Skin: As the blood circulation to your skin increases, you may find your skin glowing.
Palms and soles: They become reddish and itchy owing to increased estrogen levels.
Nails: They become more brittle.
Eyes: Because of fluid retention, the outer layers of your eyes may become thick, becoming noticeable by 10th week of your pregnancy. In many women, vision becomes blurry, but becomes all right after delivery.
Mouth: Your gums may become soft and can bleed when you brush.
3. Changes during the Third Trimester (The Last 3 Months of Pregnancy)
This is the period when your baby grows and develops rapidly gaining around half a pound per week and attaining its maximum length of 20 inches. The growth of baby may cause shortness of breath and there might be an increase in urination as the uterus expands.
The third trimester may bring some/all of below mentioned changes:
Abdomen: The increase in size of your uterus presses the other abdominal organs: stomach, diaphragm, kidneys and bladder, thus affecting their functions. Close to the delivery, your abdomen sags lower and your baby settles down into pelvis, preparing for birth. Abdomen may be itchy.
Acne: Women with acne may find an improvement during pregnancy.
Pigmentation of skin: In some women, dark colored areas appear forehead, nose, cheeks or chin. They fade away after the delivery.
Chloasma/Melasma: is a brown or yellowing patch over nose and cheeks and around the eyes.
Stretch marks: Pink to reddish brown, may appear on breast, abdomen, thighs, buttocks or some other body part, but go away gradually after delivery.
Pregnancy Cholestasis: This refers to reduction in bile flow and indicates decreased liver functioning. You may get nausea, vomiting, fatigue, lose your appetite and your skin might turn yellow. Consult your doctor if this happens.
Varicose veins: Dilation of veins of legs, vulva or in anal area.
Vascular spiders: are tiny reddish spots with blood vessels projecting outward resembling legs of spider. They go away after childbirth.
Increase Perspiration: Occurs because of hormonal action on sweat glands.
Hair: Hair on head grows luxuriantly during pregnancy. However, after delivery, accelerated hair fall occurs.
Puffiness of the face: Occurs because of fluid retention, especially if you are hypertensive.