Options Available for Terminating Unplanned Pregnancy

Unplanned pregnancy can play havoc with your life. Under the circumstance, you will be left with no option but to terminate the pregnancy. The decision to have an abortion is an extremely personal one and should be taken after due consideration. It is imperative to have pertinent and vital information on pregnancy termination, so you can make a well-informed decision. Abortion is a procedure undertaken to expel foetus either for medical or personal reasons. The risk factor, procedure, and cost involved with pregnancy termination will vary significantly depending on how far along a person is with their pregnancy. Choosing to terminate pregnancy is harder than a person can imagine. Listed below is basic information that will help you through the ordeal.


Recent studies suggest that one in every three women choose to terminate their pregnancy at one point of time or other. There are two feasible options available for a person under the circumstance either to opt for medical or surgical procedures. As the pregnancy progresses, risk involved with the abortion also increases. Minimal of risk and expenses is involved when a woman chooses to terminate her pregnancy within the first few weeks of pregnancy.

Surgical termination

Surgical termination, also commonly termed as vacuum aspiration, is one of the most common methods for pregnancy termination. First, the medical expert will conduct in-depth medical examination and ultrasound tests to determine the overall physical condition of the patient. It is one of the safest, risk-free and painless ways to terminate pregnancy. It can be performed up to 12 weeks along the pregnancy and in some cases even at the later stage. Under the procedure, laminaria is inserted in the cervix to ease open the uterus and remove the foetus. The operation can last for a few minutes to a few hours, depending on individual cases. There is no need for sedation as it is relatively painless procedure. However, mild twilight sedation can be administered as per the patients’ preference. There is no possibility of side effects involved, other than bleeding for few days and menstrual cramps.

Chemical abortion

A woman can also terminate pregnancy with the help of abortion pills that can be used up to 7 to 9 weeks along the pregnancy. It is a non-invasive way of terminating pregnancy and most people opt for this as it can be done at home without having to visit the hospital. After a full physical examination, a woman is prescribed the medications that will prevent embryonic cells from multiplying. After few days of taking the pills, the woman will have to visit the healthcare professional to verify if the termination is completed successfully. A doctor might also suggest antibiotics to prevent infection from occurring within the uterus. On rare case scenario, patient might experience side effects from pills that includes vomiting, nausea, heavy bleeding, and intense cramping.

Dilation and evacuation

In the late trimester, pregnancy can be terminated through dilation or evacuation method. It is a far more risky and complicated means available to abort pregnancy. Under the procedure, sedation is applied, and using medical instrument the cervix is dilated and using a vacuum pump the content of the uterus is removed.

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