How large your belly gets during pregnancy depends on a few different factors. The main factor is how many babies you are carrying. If you are pregnant with twins or triplets, you can expect your belly to be much larger than if you are carrying just one baby. Another factor that can affect the size of your belly is your body type. Some women naturally have a wider frame, which can make their belly look bigger during pregnancy. Finally, the position of your baby can also impact the size of your belly. If your baby is positioned high up in your uterus, you may have a smaller belly than if your baby is positioned lower down.
Height of the uterus is a good indicator of how far along a pregnancy is. For example, on the 32nd week of pregnancy, the uterus should be 32-33 cm. However, the size of the belly can depend on a number of individual factors, such as a woman’s build. For example, a petite woman with a narrow pelvis may have a bigger belly than a tall woman with broader hips. However, the biggest factor in the size of the belly is generally the amount of weight the pregnant woman gains overall. This is something that women should always pay attention to.
Every woman has her own individual norm. It depends on the index of body mass, which can be calculated according to a special formula. Divide weight in kg by height in square meters. Normal index is from 19,8 to 25,9.
If you’re expecting twins, add at least 2,3-4,6 kg to these figures. Majority of women gain 40% of weight during the first half of pregnancy, 60% – during the second.
If a woman had normal weight before pregnancy, then in general she should gain about 25-35 kg. This amount of weight gain ensures the optimal course of pregnancy and the health of both the mother and the child.
If a woman gains too much weight, both she and fetus may experience troubles. Excessive weight gaining is one of the symptoms of late toxicosis, the unhealthy state of a pregnant woman. Late toxicosis may lead to the development of miscarriage threat. Under such circumstances, a woman begins feeling pains in the waist and lower part of her belly. In extremely serious cases premature delivery or premature placenta exfoliation may take place.
Additionally, being overweight makes it difficult for muscles to work properly. This can lead to edema, which is an accumulation of fluid in the body. This can cause pain in the back, legs, and calf muscles, as well as disrupt blood circulation. This can also intensify the effects of varicose veins. For pregnant women, this can lead to fatigue, moodiness, and irritation. For the fetus, this can cause anoxia, which is a condition where the body tissues do not have enough oxygen. In severe cases, this can lead to pre-natal death. Women who are overweight are more at risk for these complications.
A woman’s weight gain during pregnancy can be affected by a number of factors, including her diet and how much liquid she is retaining. If a woman gains weight too quickly, she should check her fluid intake and output to see if she is retaining too much fluid. A healthy woman will excrete more fluid than she takes in.
Edemas, or swelling, are a common issue for pregnant women. While visiting the maternity welfare center, she should pay careful attention to the recommendations her doctor gives her concerning her diet. As a rule, doctors will advise all pregnant women to limit their consumption of salt, spicy, fried, and fatty foods. The reason for this is that these products lead to liquid accumulation in the body and edemas. Once every ten days, it is recommended to have a fasting day. Of course, this doesn’t mean going hungry. Instead, on these days, she should focus on eating foods that are easy to digest and full of nutrients.
It turns out that struggling with edemas is not always simple. Weight gain often depends on kidney function in many aspects. For example, weight is gained quickly if a woman has chronic urolithiasis or chronic pyelonephritis. Sometimes pyelonephritis appears already during pregnancy as hormonal changes occur. The body begins producing more of a hormone that contributes to urinary tract dilation, which allows various infections to reach the kidneys.
A woman’s weight during pregnancy is largely determined by the size of her fetus. If a pregnant woman has an overweight fetus, it may be an indication of another problem. Very often, women suffering from diabetes have large fetuses. If a woman herself was born large, she should check her blood sugar and urine for diabetes, as it can occur in a latent form. Sometimes diabetes appears during pregnancy because of hormonal changes. Such pregnant women are at risk, even if they appear healthy.
Excess weight gain during pregnancy is especially dangerous during the second half of pregnancy, starting around the 20th week. The earlier such complications occur, the more difficult the delivery will be for the mother. That’s why we recommend women to monitor their weight, take arterial pressure readings, and test their urine regularly. If a woman has late toxicosis, it is usually accompanied by high blood pressure and the presence of albumin in the urine. If all three of these symptoms are present, it is a cause for concern and professional medical help should be sought immediately.
Probably my question will surprise you, but is it possible to “adjust” the size of a fetus somehow? I think, yes. A balanced diet, including products rich in animal and vegetable proteins, vitamins, and minerals, is necessary for this. It is essential for women to take vitamin supplements. Of course, these are copy-book truths, but a woman observes these rules not always, for this or that reason.
The size of a pregnant woman’s belly also appears to be influenced by the quantity of amniotic fluid. Does the amount of liquid a woman drinks have any impact on this?
No. The reasons for an excess of amniotic fluid are quite different and include factors such as diabetes, anomalies of fetus development, Rhesus-conflict, and infectious complications. If a woman has little amniotic fluid, this quite often means she will give birth to a post-mature baby.
Pregnant women should strive for a “golden middle” when it comes to weight gain. Too little weight gain can lead to defects in fetal development, resulting in a very small baby, premature birth, or even death of a newborn. On the other hand, too much weight gain can also be detrimental to the health of both mother and child. American scientists have noticed that women with an optimistic outlook on life tend to give birth to babies of smaller weight less often. Experts believe that this is because optimist women take better care of their health in general.
Emotional state during pregnancy is linked to excess weight gain according to some studies. You know, being under stress situations, some women begin eating any food they see and emptying the fridge. Goodbye, excess weight. And, on the contrary, other women just cannot eat at all in a stressful situation. That’s why it’s so important for close people and future mother herself to take care of her stable, calm emotional mood.
Approximate allocation of weight gained during pregnancy
Baby 3.5 kg
Placenta 0,675 kg
Amniotic fluid 0.8 kg
The weight of the uterus has increased by 0.9 kg.
Breasts 0.45 kg
Volume of mother’s blood 1.5 kg
Intracellular fluid of mother 1.4 kg
Adipose cellulose of mother 3.25 kg
GENERAL WEIGHT INCREASE 11.9 kg