Quite often, pregnant women tend to be afflicted by abrupt acne breakouts – some of them develop this skin disorder for the first time, post pregnancy. Most such cases are caused by the hormonal fluctuations in the body during pregnancy. In many a case, the breakout assumes its
worst during the second trimester and then showing signs of improvement.
In clear-skinned women, acne is seen to vanish of its volition post delivery. This bout of acne leaves most pregnant women confused, as they have no clue about which acne medications are safe to use and which should be given a miss.
Acne is often blamed on dietary and health habits – hence it is in your interest to ensure a balanced diet as well as god health habits during pregnancy.
Here are some of the most common and widely approved treatments for managing acne during pregnancy:
Benzoyl Peroxide (brand names – Benzac, Benzamycin, Beroxyl, Desquam, Triaz, Vanoxide): It is one of the most accepted medications for treating acne effectively. Its oxidation properties make it an effective anti-bacterial too.
Azelaic Acid (Generic Azelex cream): It is a topical preparation in cream form and is used to treat mild-to-moderate acne. It should be applied in the affected areas twice a day, in the morning and evening.
The duration of its use may vary from one person to another subject to the severity of acne. Its use hardly poses any risk to the fetus.
Hormone Therapy: This involves the use of female hormones to treat acne. However, hormones like estrogens and other anti androgens should not be used during pregnancy – studies are yet to show if these hormones pass on to breast-feeding infants.
Hydrocortisone: It is a topical steroid prescribed for acne and similar skin disorders.
Salicylic Acid: It is generally found in creams and lotions for treating acne, warts and other skin, but there have been no focused investigations for assessing the risks, if any, that its use poses during pregnancy.
You also need to be aware of the manner in which your body is exposed to these preparations matters a lot – the rule of thumb being that oral preparations are likely to contaminate your body to a greater extent tan topical preparations like creams, oils and gels.
Certain herbal remedies too may be a safe bet during pregnancy, but be sure to consult your doctor before using any of them.
You must avoid using tetracycline, oral isotretinoin and topical retinoids during pregnancy, as they can affect the fetus adversely – they should be avoided even if you are attempting to get pregnant.