The term biochemical pregnancy refers to a pregnancy in which the only proof is a positive blood or urine test for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This happens when a woman’s egg is fertilized but not implanted in the uterus. A biochemical pregnancy is determined in couples who opt for assisted reproduction techniques like IVF and ICSI; early pregnancy tests are taken.
Most women who experience an early pregnancy loss will not have any symptoms. However, some women may have a heavier period with abdominal pain, severe cramping, and a little more discomfort than usual. If you are planning a baby naturally and experience any of these symptoms, it is possible that you have experienced a biochemical pregnancy.
What exactly happens in a biochemical pregnancy?
A chemical pregnancy, also called a biochemical pregnancy, is a pregnancy where the embryo implants in the uterus wall, but the development of the embryo is not apt. Thus even though you get a positive pregnancy test later on such a pregnancy gets perished soon. Initially the HCG count will seem to rise but then suddenly there will be a fall in the count. Doctors recommend announcing a pregnancy only after the ultrasound test, as it is the final confirmation.
Reasons for biochemical pregnancy
Based on the available research, biochemical pregnancies may be caused by any of the following factors:
1. Thin lining of uterine wall
2. Fibroids in the uterus
3. Genetic defect in sperm or egg or both
4. Abnormality of embryo
5. Immune system problems during conception such as Herpes, Thyroid and syphilis.
6. It may even be due to unknown reasons.
If you are planning to have a baby, some researchers believe it is better to avoid dyeing or using hair color. This is to play it safe in case there are any harmful chemicals in the products that could potentially harm the baby.
If a couple has undergone fertility procedures like IUI, IVF, or ICSI, they should be extra careful and carefully follow any instructions provided by their clinic to prevent pregnancy loss or early miscarriage.
The good news is that females who have had biochemical pregnancies can perfectly plan healthy babies in the future. The only thing they should do is consult the doctor and follow his advice so that the pregnancy can be carried on for the full term.
Coping up with an Early Miscarriage
It can be devastating and heartbreaking for a couple when they are aware or at least suspect an early miscarriage. With mutual understanding, the couple should try to cope up with the loss. Blaming either of the partners for the loss will not bring out the solution. The couple should talk to the doctor about the problem and let him decide what should be the solution for this. Normally, doctors suggest waiting for one menstrual cycle before the couple plans the pregnancy again.