December 6, 2022

Medicines And Drugs To Be Avoided During Pregnancy

Cortisone & Prednisolone: Corticosteroids may cause adrenal hormone deficiency if taken during the later part of pregnancy. They can delay growth and promote infection.

Cyclizine : Chlorocyclizine and its effects have been around for a long time. It’s used to treat allergies, and it can also be found in some over-the-counter medications.

Cyclophosphamide: This has the same effects as busulfan.

Dexamethasone: Its effects are the same as cortisone.

Dexamphetamine : This drug is commonly used as a weight-loss supplement. However, if taken during pregnancy, it has the potential to cause heart defects in the developing fetus.

Diazepam: Anti-anxiety drugs can have some serious consequences if taken in large quantities late in pregnancy. Among these are a lowering of body temperature and muscular weakness in the newborn baby.

Diazoxide: This can result in an abnormal distribution of fetal hair growth as well as low blood sugar levels in the newborn baby.

Dicoumarol: Its effects are the same as bishydroxycoumarin.

Dihydrogesterone: This medication may produce masculinizing effects in female babies.

Estrogens: If taken during pregnancy, they may cause problems for female children later on in life. For example, they may be at a higher risk for developing vaginal cancer. Additionally, male offspring may be feminized if their mother takes them during pregnancy.

Ethionamide: This drug is designed to help fight tuberculosis. However, if it is taken during pregnancy, it could potentially lead to physical defects in the developing baby.

Ethisterone: The effect of this drug are similar to dihydrogesterone.

Furosemide: This medication is a diuretic and should not be used during pregnancy. It may cause decreased circulation and death of the fetus.

Glibenclamide: Neonates (newborn babies) may experience prolonged hypoglycaemia if this medication is taken during late pregnancy.

Hydralazine: It has been proven to increase the heart rate of newborn babies.

Hydroxy progesterone: The effects are the same as those of dihydrogesteron.

Ibuprofen, Indomethacin & other pain relievers: This drug is used in treating rheumatoid arthritis but may cause physical defects in the fetus if used during early pregnancy.

Iodides: These ingredients are often found in cough mixtures and can also help with a hyper functioning thyroid. However, their use during pregnancy may adversely affect thyroid function in newborn babies. Additionally, it may also negatively impact their mental functions.

Lithium Carbonate: Antidepressant drugs may cause physical defects in the fetus if taken during the first trimester, as well as poor suckling ability in the neonate.

Meclizine: Its effects are common to chlorcyclizine.

Melphalan: This has the same effects as busulphan.

Methyldopa: The destruction of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia) and decreased activity of the intestines are two possible side effects of this medication.

Morphine: A pain reliever that is highly addictive, morphine can cause a number of problems for newborn babies if their mothers are addicted to the drug. Such babies may be born premature and experience withdrawal symptoms. There is also a higher chance of death among these newborns.

Nitrofurantoin: Urinary tract infections are commonly treated with antibiotics, but their use should be avoided during the last few days of pregnancy. This is because antibiotics can cause a breakdown of red blood cells, which can be dangerous for people who are genetically deficient in certain enzymes.

Norethisterone: The same effects occur as in dihydrogesterone.

Norethynodrel: The same effects occur as in dihydrogesterone.

Opium: The same effects occur as in morphine.

Oral contraceptive: Women use these to prevent pregnancy, but if one does occur, it is important to consult a doctor because of the potential risks to the fetus.

Pethidine: The same effects occur as with morphine.

Phenobarbitone: The effects are the same as with barbiturates.

Phenytoin: This is an anti-epileptic drug. If taken during the last few days of pregnancy, the newborn baby may suffer from bleeding disorders (hypoprothrombinaemia and hemorrhage). The use of anti-epileptic drugs may cause physical defects in the fetus.

Prednisolone: This produces the same effects as cortisone.

Primaquine: This drug may help to prevent malaria, but if taken during pregnancy, it could potentially cause problems for the newborn baby, including haemolysis (a condition where the red blood cells are destroyed) and jaundice (a yellowing of the skin and eyes). If you are pregnant and considering taking this drug, be sure to speak with your doctor first.

Primidone: The effects are the same as with phenytoin.

Progesterone: The same effects occur as with dihydrogesterone.

Propranolol: This drug is usually given to patients with heart conditions or high blood pressure. However, pregnant women should avoid taking this drug as it may cause a decrease in heart rate and blood sugar levels in newborns.

Propylthiouracil: The same effects occur as with carbimazole.

Purgatives: Purgatives are used when a person is constipated. However, it is important to be careful with purgatives as they may cause abortion.

Pyrimethamine: This drug may help to treat malaria, but it can also cause fetal malformation. If you are pregnant, you should talk to your doctor before taking this medication.

Quinine: Now quinine is used in chloroquine-resistant cases of malaria. It may cause abortion if taken in early pregnancy. It has been associated with deafness and vision defects in offspring if taken during pregnancy.

Salbutamol: It helps to increase the heart rate of newborn babies.

Stilboesterol: The same effects occur as with estrogen.

Streptomycin: This drug shouldn’t be taken by anyone who is pregnant as it may lead to deafness and muscle weakness in their child.

Sulfonamides: These drugs should be avoided in the last few days of pregnancy as they may cause jaundice in newborn babies. These drugs may also combine with the hemoglobin in red blood cells, making it unable to carry oxygen.

Tetracyclines: Antibiotics can have some pretty frightening consequences if taken during pregnancy – like staining teeth and stunting bone growth in developing fetuses.

Tolbutamide: The effects of this drug are similar to the effects of glibenclamide. This drug may also decrease the number of platelets in your blood, which can lead to bleeding.

Trimethoprim: This drug is commonly used to treat infections. However, it may cause an increase in blood bilirubin levels.

Valproic acid: A defect in the spinal cord can cause many problems.

Vitamin A & Isotretinoin: If large doses of isotretinoin are taken during pregnancy, it may cause developmental defects in the head, face, urinary and genital system of the fetus.

Vitamin D: Pregnant women should avoid very large doses of this medication. It may cause mental retardation and defects in bones.

Vitamin K : Large doses of what during pregnancy may produce jaundice in the newborn.

Warfarin : The same effects occur as with bishydroxycoumarin.

Note: It’s generally advised that pregnant women avoid exposure to X-ray radiation, especially during the first six months of pregnancy, as it may lead to malformation of the fetus.

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