Pregnancy gingivitis is a common condition that can occur during pregnancy. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. Pregnancy gingivitis usually starts around the second month of pregnancy and tends to peak around the eighth month. However, it may decrease after giving birth.
This condition, commonly referred to as pregnancy gingivitis, is most prevalent in the front area of the mouth. Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis are similar to those of the more common form of gingivitis, but may have different causes. During pregnancy, progesterone levels can increase up to 10 percent more than usual. This can promote the growth of specific bacteria that cause gingivitis. Additionally, the immune system functions differently during pregnancy, which can alter the body’s reaction to bacteria.
To reduce the effects of pregnancy gingivitis, it is best to have good oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth at least two times a day for two minutes is recommended. Make sure to floss every day as well. Antimicrobial mouthwash is advisable to prevent gum infection. Some doctors recommend using alcohol-free mouthwash instead of alcohol-based mouthwash during pregnancy. However, there is no evidence that alcohol-based mouthwash has negative effects on pregnancy.
While you’re pregnant, it’s important to see your dentist to check your oral health, especially the condition of your gums. Pregnancy gingivitis can be treated using professional cleaning, which can be performed at any time during your pregnancy, especially during the second trimester. However, advanced and aggressive treatments, like periodontal surgery, are not recommended until after you give birth.
Pregnancy can also lead to pregnancy granuloma, also known as pyogenic granuloma or pregnancy tumor. This condition affects 2-10% of pregnant women and is characterized by growths in the gums. Though it is called a pregnancy tumor, it is not cancerous or dangerous. Pregnancy granuloma typically develops in the second trimester of pregnancy, appearing as red nodules in the upper gum line. However, these nodules can occur anywhere in the mouth.
Although the exact causes of pregnancy granulomas are still unknown, poor oral hygiene is often a major contributing factor. Other possible causes include malformations of blood vessels, trauma, viruses, and hormones.
Tooth loss is common in pregnant women due to severe morning sickness or frequent vomiting. This can affect the enamel of the front teeth. Contact your dentist if you are experiencing frequent vomiting to get different medications to prevent tooth erosion.
Other common early pregnancy symptoms include change in appetite, excessive saliva, and nausea. Excessive saliva can be linked to nausea, especially during pregnancy. Keep an eye out for this symptom if you are pregnant or suspect you might be.
It’s important for women who are planning to become pregnant to visit a dentist for an oral checkup and treatment. Gums and teeth require special attention during pregnancy, so eating a nutritious diet and brushing regularly is essential.